Taxi of Tomorrow

Adopted Rules: Closed to Comments

Effective Date: 
Monday, July 29, 2013
Download Copy of Adopted Rule (.pdf): 


Statement of Basis and Purpose of Rule




Over 600,000 people per day ride in medallion taxicabs regulated by the Taxi and Limousine Commission. Since the end of taxicab manufacture by the Checker Motors Corporation in the early 1980s, none of the vehicles used by the New York City medallion taxicab industry have been designed especially for taxicab service. Since these cars have not been designed or engineered specifically for taxi use, they have not included features and amenities that would be beneficial to taxi owners, drivers, and passengers. Nor have they incorporated the latest technologies, accessibility features for people with disabilities, or safety advances. Most important, none of the vehicles currently in use as taxicabs are designed and manufactured to meet federal safety standards in their taxi configuration. In particular, the presence of a partition installed after the vehicle is manufactured and crash-tested creates an increased risk of head and face injuries.1


In 2007, the City issued a Request for Information (RFI) and convened a Taxi of Tomorrow Advisory Committee (comprised of taxi drivers, passengers, medallion owners, advocates for people with disabilities, advocates for the environment, various taxi driver and owner organizations, and designers) to help ensure that the new taxicab meets the needs of diverse stakeholders.


In 2009, the City issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) seeking an exclusive provider of taxicabs to the medallion taxi industry. It sought a vehicle that offered:


·         Compliance with federal safety standards even with a partition installed

·         Superior passenger experience

·         Superior driver comfort and amenities

·         Appropriate purchase price and on-going maintenance and repair costs

·         Minimal environmental impact

·         Minimal physical footprint with more useable interior room

·         Accessibility for all users

·         Iconic design that will identify the taxi with New York City


After receipt of seven proposals from a variety of manufacturers, and a year-long detailed evaluation process, the City selected the Nissan NV200 to be the exclusive taxicab vehicle. The NV200 taxicabs will be available in both a standard and a wheelchair accessible version. These versions will be known as the Official Taxicab Vehicle (OTV) or the Accessible Official Taxicab Vehicle (AOTV).



The City subsequently negotiated at length with Nissan North America (Nissan) to secure several important features for taxi owners, passengers and drivers.


Safety: The City negotiated with Nissan to ensure that all versions of the OTV have the following safety features:


·         Crash-tested with the partition installed;

·         Equipped with side passenger airbags designed to deploy without interference from the partition;

·         Sliding doors to prevent crashes with cyclists and other vehicles;

·         Illuminated lights on the rear exterior to inform cyclists and other drivers that doors are opening;

·         Front end of the vehicle is designed to reduce severity of injuries to pedestrians in case of an accident;

·         Seatbelts and seatbelt connectors are highlighted with color to encourage seatbelt use; and

·         Backup cameras for drivers


Passenger amenities include:

·         Suspension and ride quality engineered for rear passenger comfort

·         More knee room

·         Rear HVAC controls with separate climate control for passenger

·         Entry and exit step with grab handles and completely flat floor

·         Sliding doors that are easier to open than sliding doors in current taxis

·         Transparent skyroof with passenger controlled shade

·         Extra room for luggage

·         Passenger controlled reading lights

·         Floor lighting to assist in locating lost objects

·         USB and 12 volt charging ports

·         Intercom for easy communication with driver

·         Hearing loop to facilitate communication with driver for those with compatible hearing aids

·         Odor-absorbing roof panel and seats with antimicrobial components

·         Low annoyance horn and exterior horn light to identify over-honking


Driver amenities include:

·         Driver’s seat that is adjustable even with the partition installed

·         Breathable seat fabric

·         Built-in navigation system

·         Front passenger seat folds to become driver workspace

·         Tray in the partition is ergonomically designed to pass currency and receipts back and forth through the partition so the driver does not have to twist his or her arm around


The Rule


The rule as promulgated requires that if a medallion owner acquires a new vehicle on or after the activation date for the Taxi of Tomorrow, the owner must hack up the medallion with the Taxi of Tomorrow vehicle, to be known as the Official Taxicab Vehicle or the Accessible Official Taxicab Vehicle. The rule requires the TLC to provide at least 120 days notice to medallion owners prior to the date after which unrestricted medallions must be hacked-up with the Official Taxicab Vehicle. The rule also makes certain, largely technical changes, to current taxicab rules to account for the fact that the Official Taxicab Vehicle will be manufactured and delivered under specifications set by contract with the manufacturer of the vehicle. The rule further provides that, from the activation date until the OTV meets the requirements of Administrative Code section 19-533, which provides for the availability of “one or more hybrid electric vehicle models . . . for immediate use” as a taxicab, the owner of an unrestricted medallion may choose to hack up his or her medallion, and the owner of an alternative fuel medallion must hack up his or her medallion with a hybrid electric vehicle that meets the standards set forth in TLC’s rules.




The rule as promulgated includes certain exceptions to the requirement that medallion owners must hack up their medallions with either the OTV or the AOTV:


·       From the activation date until an OTV meets the requirements of Administrative Code section 19-533, owners of medallions restricted to use with alternative fuel vehicles may not hack up their vehicles with an OTV or AOTV, but rather must hack up with a hybrid electric vehicle that meets the standards set forth in TLC’s rules.


·       Owners of medallions that are restricted to use with Wheelchair Accessible Vehicles, including 231 such medallions that have already been issued and any medallions that will be issued in the future, may purchase either an AOTV or any accessible taxicab which meets the accessible vehicle specifications set forth in Rule 67-05.2.


·       With TLC’s authorization, owners of up to 496 unrestricted medallions issued prior to January 1, 2012 who choose to use an accessible vehicle may purchase any accessible Taxicab which meets the accessible vehicle specifications set forth in Rule 67-05.2.


·       Until the Commissioner certifies that there is a hybrid version of the OTV, owners of unrestricted medallions may purchase any hybrid electric vehicle that meets the standards set forth in TLC’s rules.


Retirement Deadlines and Public Hearing


A public hearing on an earlier version of this rule was held by the TLC on September 6, 2012. Among the public comments received as testimony were several suggestions that the TLC consider granting retirement extensions to owners of vehicles retiring before the OTV activation date to facilitate a smooth roll out of the ToT vehicle and to allow some owners to wait to buy a ToT vehicle rather than being forced to buy a non-ToT vehicle before the OTV activation date. The staff considered this suggestion and agreed, proposing to amend vehicle retirement requirements for certain vehicles as follows:


·       Taxicabs currently scheduled to retire beginning November 1, 2012 through May 31, 2013 will receive an extension through December 1, 2013 or such earlier date on which the owner elects to hack up a TOT vehicle.


·       Taxicabs currently scheduled to retire beginning June 1, 2013 through September 30, 2013 will receive an extension of six months, or such earlier date on which the owner elects to hack up a TOT vehicle.


·       To obtain an extension, an owner must file an election form with the TLC and specify the date by which they intend to hack up a TOT vehicle. The hack up date becomes the new scheduled retirement date.


·       Owners who elect to participate and obtain an extension must acquire a TOT vehicle at the retirement of the existing vehicle.


·       Owners who obtain the extension will not be permitted to hack up a different vehicle before the newly elected scheduled retirement date unless a TOT vehicle is hacked up.


·       Owners will not be permitted to hack up another vehicle before the TOT vehicle becomes available. The TLC can grant exemptions to this requirement for good cause.


The Commission’s authority for this rules change is found in section 2303 of the New York City Charter and section 19-503 and 19-533 of the New York City Administrative Code.



1 Articles about the danger posed by partitions.;



Proposed Rule: