DSNY Proposed Rule Relating to Penalties for Littering Offenses
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Statement of Basis and Purpose of Proposed Rule
The New York City Department of Sanitation (“DSNY”) is proposing to create a new chapter that will include certain provisions of its existing penalty schedule, which is currently found in Title 48 of the Rules of the City of New York, by moving those provisions into Title 16 of the Rules of the City of New York. DSNY also proposes to establish penalties for repeat violations of certain provisions as described in Local Law 75 of 2016.
Currently the penalties for violations of §16-118 of the New York City Administrative Code (“Administrative Code”) that pertain to certain types of littering infractions, are found in 48 RCNY § 3-122. The Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings, Environmental Control Board (“OATH ECB”), is in the process of repealing all penalty schedules in its rules so they can be relocated to the rules of the enforcement agencies with primary rulemaking and policymaking jurisdiction over the laws that underlie these penalties. In conjunction with this rule, OATH ECB will remove the penalties for violations of §16-118 that pertain to littering from its rule.
In 2003, a civil penalty of $100 was established for violations of subdivisions (2), (3), (4), (6) and (7) of §16-118. Additionally in 2003, penalties for violations of subdivisions (3), (4) and (6) were set at $250 for a second offense and $350 for a third and subsequent offense within a 12 month period. Defaults for violations of these provisions are set at the maximum penalty that can be assessed. All penalties are within the monetary ranges specified in §16-118.
Local Law 75 of 2016 amended §16-118(1) to establish a new violation for spitting. In addition, Local Law 75 also establishes a specific penalty for public urination. Local Law 75 was passed as part of the Criminal Justice Reform Act, a package of bills passed by the City Council that aims to build stronger and safer neighborhoods by reducing arrests and incarceration. Local Law 75 imposes a fixed penalty of $75 for first time violations of §16-118(1) and 16-118(6), and provides for a range of penalties for subsequent offenses of those provisions. The penalties for subsequent offenses of those provisions are fixed at the minimum amounts authorized by Local Law 75. Additionally, the default penalties for all violations found in §16-118(1) and for public urination under §16-118(6) have been set at 150 percent of the penalty imposed, not to exceed $400.
Working with the City’s rulemaking agencies, the Law Department, OMB, and the Office of Operations conducted a retrospective rules review of the City’s existing rules, identifying those rules that will be repealed or modified to reduce regulatory burdens, increase equity, support small businesses, and simplify and update content to help support public understanding and compliance. This proposed rule meets the criteria for this initiative.
DSNY’s authority for these rules is found in sections 753 and 1043 of the New York City Charter, and section 16-118 of the New York City Administrative Code.